Grzhebin Z.N., a scientist, dermatovenerologist, teacher, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, is by right regarded the founder of the school of dermatovenerology in Bucovine. He headed the Department of Dermatovenerology of Bucovinian State Medical University (BSMU), Chernivtsi Medical Institute at that time, from 1947 to 1956.
Grzhebin was born on the 31st of May, 1893 in Saratov in the family of an artist. He got a secondary education in a gymnasium and graduated from the Medical Faculty of Kazan University. In World War I Zinoviy Naumovich served as a regiment doctor and a hospital surgeon at the Caucasus Front. In 1920 Grzhebin was mobilized to the Red Army; in 1921 he was appointed a hospital physician to the Clinic of Astrakhan Medical Institute; from 1923 to 1925 he worked as an assistant of the State Venerologic Institute in Moscow. In 1923 Grzhebin Z.H. defended his Doctor dissertation with success. From 1925 to 1931 Grzhebin was Professor at the Department of Skin Diseases in Smolenskiy State Medical Institute. In 1927, owing to his knowledge of German and French, Grzhebin was sent for practical studies to Virkhovskaya clinic (Berlin). In 1930 , a delegate to the International Congress of Dermatologists in Copenhagen (Denmark), Grzhebin made a report. In 1931-1941 Grzhebin was Professor of the Dermatology Department in Rostov-on-Don Medical Institute.
In the first days of the Great Patriotic War Grzhebin Z.N. volunteered to the front. He was appointed to the post of a consultant- toxicologist of the 50th Army at Bryanskiy Front. In October,1941 Grzhebin together with a group of medical orderlies were encircled and captivated by fascists.The antifascist underground in the camp made a successful escape and Grzhebin got into a partisan detachement, where he worked as a doctor. In 1944, because of German captivity, Grzhebin underwent a special inspection in Moscow, was proven reliable and appointed Professor to Rostov-on-Don Medical Institute. But soon, due to poor health, he was transferred to the post of the head of Dermatologic Clinic and manager of a scientific office in Research Balneologic Institute in Sochi.
In 1947 by the order of Ministry of Health of the USSR, Grzhebin was appointed the head of Dermatovenerologic Department in Chernivtsi. Here Prof. Grzhebin initiated active research studies, organized a scientific circle, drawing practitioners, hospital physicians and students into its work. Under his supervision Bukharovich M.N., Kassko Yu.S., Patsarenyuk O.V. and Troyan G.A. made and defended their candidate thesis. Prof. Grzhebin paid special attention to the improvement of qualification and held numerous gatherings of the regional society of dermatologists, seminars, courses with that aim. Together with his colleagues Grzhebin produced a lot of manuals, practical guidebooks and tutorials for hospital physicians. In Chernivtsi Medical Institute Prof.Grzhebin wrote a total number of 50 scientific works, which contributed to BSMU heritage. After resignation in 1956, Prof. Grzhebin was invited to the post of the head of the Dermatovenerologist Department of Ukrainian Research Institute in Kharkiv. Zinoviy Naumovich died on the 14th of August, 1961 in Sevastopol and was buried there.
A well-organized and self-disciplined, strict and demanding leader, Z.N. Grzhebin was an extremely benevolent, well-disposed and intelligent person. All his scientific heritage embraces 140 monograpfs, including articles for the Medical Encyclopaedia of the Great Patriotic War in 7 volumes. Prof. Grzhebin was also very active in social life, being a member of the Board of All-Union Society of Dermatovenerologists. He was mostly proud of his pupils, among them 3 Doctors and 7 candidates of Medical Sciences, 6 of them headed departments of dermatology and venerology in different institutes of the country.
Prof.Grzhebin’s disciples follow his traditions and keep sacred the memory of this courageous, heroic and wise man.
TURKEVICH MIKOLA GERVASIYOVICH
Turkevich Mikola Gervasiyovich is an outstanding scientist, anatomist, professor, doctor of medical sciences. His way both in life and career wasn’t an easy one: from an assistant of a prosector to professor, head of the Human Anatomy Department. There was the war, years of starvation, arrest, charges of espionage, confinement to Stalin’s camps, rehabilitation.
Turkevich’s М.G. research work began in Lesgaft Institute in Leningrad where he defended his thesis brilliantly. Soon there appeared a long chain of fundamental articles on morphology of circulatory system of mammals’ and humans’ brain and embryogeny of human metencephalon.
In 1956 М.G. Turkevich was elected the head of Human Anatomy Department of Chernivtsi Medical Institute by open competition.
Mikola Gervasiyovich spread his passion for embryologic studies over his disciples and research workers, established the first in Bucovine school of anatomists – embryologists, which gained experience with every passing year, widened and deepened its investigations and before long was recognized not only in Ukraine but abroad as well. Professor gave a new scientific direction to the department – comparative–embryologic studies of inner organs of human beings and animals, which was developed by his followers, raising the prestige of the Department in Ukraine by that.
NOVIKOV MIKOLA PAVLOVICH
Рrofessor, doctor of medical sciences, graduated from Medical Department of Kharkiv University.
In March of 1946 M.P. Novikov was appointed the head of Topographic Anatomy and Operative Surgery Department of Chernivtsi Medical Institute,which he headed for 14 yaers till 1960.
Mikola Pavlovich Novikov can be regarded the organizer of this Department M.P. Novikov is the author of 128 scientific works, most of which are devoted to the treatment of purulent diseases of extremities and joints.
M.P. Novikov participated in training of 5 thousand practical doctors, about 1 thousand surgeons, who are still working in Russia, the USA, Germany, Israel, Africa, Latin America, to say nothing about Ukraine, where his followers head scientific research institutes, departments, work as leading specialists in health care administrations, rural, urban and regional hospitals.
By the Decree of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of July, 9 1954 M.P. Novicov was decorated the ”Order of the Labour Red Banner”. He was also awarded medals “For the Defence of Moscow”, “For Labour Heroism in the Great Patriotic War of 1941 – 1945“, “For Victory over Germany“.
For many years of medical, pedagogical, scientific and social activity M.P. Novikov was awarded the badge “Excellent Worker of Health Services“.
Among the luminaries of medicine who worked in Bucovinian State Medical University (Chernivtsy Medical Institute then) stands the name of Ventskivskiy Mikhaylo Kasparovich, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, founder and first manager of its Obstetrics and Gynecology Department.
Ventskivskiy was born on the 24th of January, 1995 in the city of Kyiv. His father worked at a printing house and mother was a day-labourer. Those were revolutionary years and life was very chaotic. At first the future professor got a one year long education in the school for workers; then from 1906 to 1911 he studied in a professional school of Kyiv. From 1914 to 1920 Mikhaylo Kasparovich worked as a carpenter , then a technician at the Raiway Board. At the same time he studied in Kyiv Art School and got the profession of a teacher of painting and drawing. In 1920 he was a member of Workers’ and Peasants’ Inspection and next year appointed an assistant of commandant for military dislocation in Lipki. In 1921 by the Trade-Union’s decision , as the best worker of the plant “Metallist”, Ventskivskiy was directed for education to Kyiv Medical Institute. Ventskivskiy simultaneously studied at the Therapeutic Department and worked as a carpenter. After probation in Zhovtnev hospital, he did a post-graduate course and worked on his Doctor’s dissertation “Tuberculosis and Pregnancy”,which he defended in the March of 1941… In 1938-1939 Mikhaylo Kasparovich was a secretary of the Higher Qualification Committee. In the first period of the Great Patriotic War (from June till October, 1941) he served a major of medical service at the Field Forces of the 5th Army, got into fascists’ encirclement, but soon escaped. In 1941-1942 he headed the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Kyiv Medical Institute (KMI); in 1942-1943 he worked as an obstetrician–gynecologist in a Kyiv hospital; during the occupation of Kyiv he was in the underground organization, helping with the first aid, medicines, equipment. In 1943-1944 Mikhailo Kasparovich was appointed manager of the 1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in KMI; in 1944-1945 he was an assistant professor and the dean of the therapeutic department in KMI. In 1946, one of the best Prof. Luriya’s disciples, Ventskivskiy M.K. got the rank of Professor.
In March, 1945 Prof. Ventskivskiy was appointed director of an obstetric-gynecologic clinic in Chernivtsi. In 1946 he was elected by competition to the post of the head of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Chernivtsi Medical Institute (CMI), which was founded on the grounds of Maternity House 1. From the very first days of its foundation Ventskivskiy M.K. together with his colleagues: assistant professor Krasnyanskiy I.V., Zagrudna G.S., manager of the gynecologic unit of the maternity house, Lyubenskiy Yo.B., Zelmanson N.N.,Lozinskiy M.O.,Yangol I.V., Kantonist K.G., Kuznetsov F.D., Boyko M.Yu. compiled the staff of lecturers, organized educational process, initiated research work according to the progress of medical science in the world. Together they contributed greatly to the development of science, practical work and level of teaching. Prof. Ventskivskiy’s endeavour was to improve obstetric and gynecologic aid to the population of Bucovine and reduce gynecologic diseases. The Department turned into the basis for training young specialists and improving their qualification. Seminars, conferences, trips to the villages, demonstrations of operations were held to carry out those tasks. In 1946 the Department headed by Prof. Ventskivskiy M.K. won the first place in the Institute and was honoured by the order.
Mikhaylo Kasparovich was a brilliant lecturer and highly intelligent person. He could draw students’ attention just at the start of the lecture due to his erudition, nourished by his own rich library.
In July, 1948 Prof. Ventskivskiy was released from the post as politically unreliable on account of his being in fascists’ encirclement. Later he headed the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Kuybishev Medical Institute, then he was appointed the chief obstetrician-gynecologist in the region of Poltava. From 1956 to 1961 Mikhaylo Kasparovich was the head in the Medical Institute of Vinnitsa, where he died in 1961.
Mikhailo Kasparovich Ventskivskiy enriched medical science with 50 scientific works published in Ukraine and abroad. His Textbook of Obstetriucs and Gynecology for medical schools, edited together with Rudyuk M.P., enjoyed a great popularity among students. A genuine scholar, skilled teacher, sympathetic and delicate personality is alive in the memory of his followers and ancestors, who also dedicated their lives to medicine.
Nina Pavlivna was born in Boguchar of Voronezh region in the family of teachers. In 1917 she finished a gymnasium of Valuy with distinction and entered the Medical Institute for Women in Kharkiv. At the time the Department of Psychiatry was headed by prominent scientists professors Platonov K. I. and Protopopov V. P., who influenced greatly Tatarenko’s choice of future specialty in medicine. Ye. O. Popov, a future luminary in psychiatry, studied simultaneously with Tatarenko and they kept friendly relations all their lives.
Nina Pavlivna started working in 1924 in the hospital of Novorosiysk, then in Kharkiv. From 1925 to 1928 she took a post-graduate course and did scientific work under the guidance of Prof. Protopopov, who was engaged in the study of schizophrenia and physiology of central nervous system. For many years Nina Pavlivna headed the acute mental admitting office and was an assistant at the Ukrainian State Institute of Clinical Psychiatry and Social Psychohygiene. From 1932 to 1935 she worked as a senior assistant at the Ukrainian Psychoneurological Academy, from 1945 to 1941 was a senior research worker and headed the clinic at the Ukrainian Research Institute, in 1938-1939 she headed Igrensk psychiatric hospital and in 1935-1936, 1941 was temporarily the head of the Psychiatric Department of Poltava Medical Institute.
During the Great Patriotic war Tatarenko N. P. at first (1941-1943) headed a military-expert department of the psychiatric hospital in evacuation to Kazakhstan (Kizil-Orda) and simultaneously consulted a military hospital, then (1943-1945) was the head of a psychiatric clinic of the Ukrainian Research Psychoneurologic Institute.
On the 31st of July 1945 N. P. Titarenko, an experienced clinician and scientist by the time, was appointed by competition the head of the Psychiatric Department of Chernivtsi State Medical Institute. During 6 years of her work in Chernivtsi Nina Pavlivna fulfilled a huge work both as a practitioner and a scientist. She managed to organize educational and research work on the proper level, paying much attention to training and improving qualifications of mental doctors. People respected and trusted her and often asked for help and consultation. In 1947 Tatarenko was elected a deputy to Chernivtsi Council and in 1951 a deputy to the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. In 1947 she defended her doctorate thesis and was awarded the title of professor in1948. In 1951 Prof. Tatarenko was appointed the head of the Psychiatry Department of Kharkiv State Medical Institute. In 1954 the professor worked in the Hungarian Academy of Sciences consulting on problems of physiology of central nervous system.
Prof. Tatarenko , a disciple and follower of academician Protopopov V. P., made a valuable contribution to the study of schizophrenia, phantoms, acute vascular psychosis, hypochondriac and obsessive conditions, diencephalic disorders, pain and other. She is the author of 139 studies, including monographs and textbooks. In 1971 the first manual on psychiatry in Ukrainian “Psihiatria”was published under Prof. Tatarenko’s editorship.
Nina Pavlivna reared a scientific school of psychiatrists in Bucovine. In the long row of her pupils the names of such famous scientists as Filatov A. T., Kravchenko-Mikhaylova K. V., Streltsova N. I., Lipgart N. K., Taranskiy and many others. Prof Tatarenko trained 6 doctors and 33 candidates of medical sciences, more than 40 post-graduates and clinical ordinaries.
In 1962 Prof. Tatarenko N. P. was awarded the title “Honoured Scientist of Ukr.SSR”. For her heroic work during the war and at the time of peace Nina Pavlivna was decorated with the Order of Labour Red Banner, medals “For Valiant Labour during the Great Patriotic War”, “For Valiant Labour on the 100th Anniversary of V. I. Lenin”, the badge “Excellent Health Worker”, honorary diplomas.
Nina Pavlivna was active in social life, willingly delivered lectures to the population of towns and villages, popularizing I. P. Pavlov’s physiological theory. A person of strict principles, wide scope of interests, purposeful, demanding and diligent gave away her life to the science of medicine. She died on the 25th of February, 1986 and was buried in Kharkiv.
GLADKOV OLEXANDR OLEXANDROVICH
( 1901 – 1983 )
A scientist, teacher, tutor, lecturer, professor, Doctor of Medical Sciences Gladkov O.O. headed the Otorhinolaryngologic Department in Bucovinian State Medical University (BSMU), Chernivtsi Medical Institute at that time, from 1960 to 1974. Prof. Gladkov contributed greatly to the scientific heritage of BSMU and by right belongs to the bright galaxy of its luminaries.
Olexandr Olexandrovich was born on the 26th of July, 1901 in St .Petersburg in a well-off family of nobleman’s origin. Those were violent revolutionary years, which effected the youth and made him choose the way of devoted service and sacrifice to the working people. In 1919 after finishing school he volunteered to the Red Army. For 2 years he served an ordinary in the 5th infantry troops of special function. He got over typhoid and epidemic fevers, cherishing a dream to study medicine. The dream realized when he entered the State Institute of Medicine (now the Second Petersburg Medical Institute ). Those were the happiest years in the difficult life of the future scientist: father died and Olexander had to earn his living, working as a tutor in a children’s house for 2 years, then a male nurse and orderly in a clinic for deaf and dumb for 3 years. From 1926 to 1935 Gladkov was a hospital physician and an assistant in the surdomute clinic. From 1929 to 1941 he worked as an otorhinolaryngologist in the hospital “Medrabotnik” and headed the clinic for water-transport, then the hospital named after Lenin (1940-1041); he worked as a hospital physician and later an assistant in the clinic for ENT diseases of Pediatric Medical Institute. A conscientious and selfless specialist Gladkov was treated with respect and honour wherever he worked.
The Great Patriotic War broke out and his native Leningrad endured hunger, cold, diseases, bombardment, death for 4 years. Gladkov O.O. worked in military hospitals, on the Ladoga “road of life”, which was the only way to provide the city with food and items of vital importance. Gladkov was always in the first ranks of people in white gowns, who saved citizens, officers and men, risking their own lives. They healed their wounds, eased their suffering, inspired with hope and enthusiasm. In 1942 Olexandr Olexandrovich was affected by severe dystrophy, but survived again.
In 1945 after the Victory Gladkov O.O. returned to the Pediatric Institute and defended his candidate dissertation “Photography as an Effective Method for Registration of ENT Condition”. Gladkov was the first to apply photography to diagnostics and treatment in otorhinolaryngology . In 1959 he conquered another peak – defended his Doctor’s thesis “Physical Optics in Otorhinolaryngology”. In 1953 by the order of the Ministry of Health of the USSR Prof.Gladkov O.O. was appointed the head of Kishinyov Medical Institute. In 1959 he headed the ENT Department in Kalinin Medical Institute and in 1960 moved to Chernivtsi.
Bucovine became Gladkov’s second Motherland, where all his talents were revealed and came to light. He exposed himself as an energetic and gifted leader, brilliant scholar, attentive and friendly with colleagues, delicate and sympathetic with patients. For Olexandr Olexandrovich his professional duty was always in the first place and personal life on the background. His life was a heroic deed and feat of labour – unostentatious, daily, bright. A virtuoso surgeon, Prof. Gladkov was an unsurpassed master, admired by his colleagues, patients, students. For the younger generation of specialists he wrote a comprehensive textbook “Diseases of Ear, Throat and Nose”, which is still popular. Owing to titanic industry and indefatigable endeavour Prof. Gladkov published 70 scientific works, 18 methodical letters, made 20 rationalization proposals. In the scientific world Prof. Gladkov is known for his studies in photocinematography and endotelevision of the upper respiratory tract and ear.
Due to his beautiful nature Prof. Gladkov O.O. was elected the head of Chernivtsi Regional Organization of Otorhinolaryngologists, a member of the Otorhinolaryngologists’s Community. Besides, he was the chief laryngologist of Moldova, the leader of the scientific circle. Prof. Gladkov O.O. was awarded with numerous diplomas and official messages of thanks for his contribution to the development of health services in the country. A great humanitarian Prof Gladkov O.O. died in 1983, but he has been still alive in the hearts, memory and deeds of his followers.
(1901 – 1976)
KHENKIN VALENTIN LVOVICH
In the gallery of portraits of scientific luminaries of Bucovinian State Medical University there is one depicting Valentin Lvovich Khenkin, a renowned scientist, skilful surgeon, founder of the surgical school in Bucovine, brilliant teacher, who raised a long row of scholars and practicians.
Valentin Lvovich was born on the 12th of April, 1902 in Rostov-on-Don. In 1926 he graduated from the Medical Depart- ment of the Northern-Cacausian University and worked on the Surgical Department of the University. In 1938 he headed the surgical unit of the Central District Hospital in the Region of Rostov. In 1939 Valentin Lvovich defended his candidate thesis and worked as an assistant professor at the Department of Hospital Surgery in the Medical Institute of Rostov-on-Don.
During violent years of the Great Patriotic war of 1941 – 1945 Khenkin V. L. was an army surgeon, the head surgeon of the Seaside army, head of the unit of the Major Army Hospital named after Burdenko in Moscow. For his heroic work two orders of the Red Star, the Order of the Great Patriotic war of the the 1st degree and three medals were conferred on V.L. Khenkin. In 1946 he returned to the Department of Hospital Surgery of Rostov Medical Institute. In 1949 he did his doctorate, in 1952 was given the doctor’s title. From 1950 to 1955 Prof. Khenkin headed the Department of Hospital Surgery and was the dean of the Medical Faculty at Uzhgorodskiy University. From 1955 to 1962 he headed the department of Hospital Surgery in Chernivetskiy Medical Institute, from 1962 to 1970 was the head of the Faculty Surgery Department; from 1971 to 1974 was a consultant at the Department of Faculty Surgery.
Prof. Valentin Lvovich Khenkin died on the 25th of November, 1978. He was buried in the cemetery in Chernivtsy.
Prof. Khenkin’s contribution to the scientific heritage of BSMU amounts to 100 studies, 3 author’s monographs. Especially valuable are his works devoted to the problems of thoracal and cardio-vascular surgery, plastic surgery at cleft lip and palate, burns. The clinic created by the brilliant scholar Prof. Khenkin opened new ways in the organization of urgent medicine on the wide scale, implementing into practice early hospitalization and progressive surgical tactics. Valentin Lvovich headed Chernivtsy Regional Scientific Society of Surgeons. He left a worthy school of followers, among them such scholars as Golovko F. Z., Berezhniy V.I., Palyanitsa S.I., Neminuscha I.L. , others and a long row of grateful patients whose health and life he saved.
Kalina Georgiy Platonovich
(1902 – 1990)
Doctor of medical sciences, professor, an outstanding microbiologist, epidemiologist, a gifted scientist, researcher and teacher, Prof. Kalina G. P. belongs to the luminaries of Bucovinian State Medical University, who contributed greatly to its heritage during his work at this educational establishment from 1947 to 1955.
Georgiy Platonovich was born on the 3rd of May, 1902 in the city of Saratov (Russia, though his ancestors were of Ukrainian origin) in the educated and religious family of a railway engineer. In 1919 he entered a commerce college and conservatoire in Samara, but in 1922 transferred to the medical faculty of Tashkent Medical University. In 1925 the future professor graduated from Irkutsk Medical University with distinction on specialty microbiology and epidemiology. In 1926 he worked in a hospital of Chita. In 1926-1928 he took a post-graduate course in the First Leningrad State Medical Institute and was appointed the head of Pestilential Department of Uzbeck Research Sanitary-and- Epidemiologic Institute. In 1929 he headed an antiepidemic expedition to study plaque in Kirghizia. From 1932 he headed the departments of microbiology in medical institutes of Samara and Arkhangelsk. In 1935 Georgiy Platonovich defended his doctorate thesis in the First Leningrad Medical Institute. The next year he headed the Department of Microbiology in Vinnitsa Medical Institute.
Being arrested in 1938-1939 , Prof. Kalina was imprisoned for six months, but justified and appointed the head of the Epidemiologic Laboratory at the Central Research State Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology in Moscow. He was awarded the rank of professor the next year.
A real patriot indeed, Georgiy Platonovich joined the ranks of the Red Army from the very onset of the Great Patriotic war, working as a military epidemiologist, head of a sanitary-epidemiologic laboratory. For his heroism Prof. Kalina was awarded the Order of the Red Star and the Order of the Great Patriotic War of the second degree, and medals “For the Defence of Moscow”, “For the Seizure of Berlin”, “For the Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945”.
From the February of 1947 to the August of 1955 Prof. Kalina headed the Department of Microbiology in Chernivtsi Medical Institute, where he showed himself to be a skilful organizer of scientific work: 5 post-graduates defended their candidate theses under his guidance. He also supervised several doctorate dissertations. Prof. Kalina enjoyed respect and popularity among students and colleagues, being a person of strict principles, demanding and efficient, intelligent and cultivated, doing credit to BSMU and being its pride.
In the period of 1956 to 1982 Prof. Kalina headed the Laboratory of Sanitary Microbiology at Moscow Research Institute of Hygiene named after M. F. Gamaleya, later working as its scientific consultant.
On the 30th of October, 1990 Prof. Kalina Georgiy Platonovich died in Moscow.
For his scientific achievements Prof. Kalina was awarded the title of the Honoured Worker of Science and Engineering of Ukraine (1995). He reared a scientific school of sanitary microbiologists and his pupils and followers made prominent scholars at present. Prof. Kalina’s scientific heritage consists of 250 studies on microbiology, including 6 monographs, 15 author’s certificates, instructions, methodical documents, which are well-known and widely used in the world of medicine.
SHINKERMAN NAUM MOISEYEVICH
In the front ranks of scientific luminaries of Bucovinian State Medical University (BSMU) stands the name of He was a scholar, a publicist, a practitioner ,a pathologist, Doctor of Medical Sciences, professor , who laid the foundations of the pathological anatomy department of the University and wrote its history, raised a scientific school of followers and made a valuable contribution to the scientific heritage of our educational establishment with his books, articles and experience.
Shinkerman’s biography is inseparably connected with the history of his Motherland. Born in a small town near Odessa, he spent his youth in this city ,where he studied in a professional school (1923-1925), graduated from Odesski Medical Institute (1932), worked as a hospital physician in a village till 1935, when he finished a post-graduate course of the Institute of Odessa and defended his candidate thesis. In 1941 Shinkerman was called up to the Soviet Army, and during the Great Patriotic War he worked first as a practical pathologist, then head pathologist of Ukrainian Front 4 and joined the Communist Party. In 1944-1946 in the rank of a major Naum Moiseyevich was appointed head pathologist of the Precarpathian Military District. In 1945 Shinkerman organized the department of pathological anatomy in Chernivtsi Medical Institute. By 1957 he had defended his doctor’s thesis and had been confirmed professor of the department. N.M.Shinkerman’s name was put on the roll of honour of the institute (1968) and listed in the “Institute’s Book of Honour”(1968). In 1969 he resigned because of health problems and left for Moscow.
Shinkerman N.M. left a brilliant school of scientists, among them Roman L.I., Zerbino D.D., Krizhanovskaya I.V., Voloshchuk O.I. , Prokopchuk V.S., Alexandrova E.N., Melnik P.O. and others, who adored him at his lifetime and many of his disciples are still grateful and happy they knew such an intelligent and decent, self-disciplined and strict, generous and delicate, admirable and modest, inconceivable man of genius.
RADZIKHOVSKIY BORIS LEONIDOVICH
(1909 – 1975)
Doctor of medical sciences, professor, Honoured Scientist of Ukraine, head of the Ophthalmology Department of Bucovinian State Medical University (BSMU), Chernivtsi Medical Institute at that time, Radzikhovskiy Boris Leonidovich, a brilliant ophthalmosurgeon, gifted scholar, wise inventor and rationalizer, well-educated and harmoniously developed man, responsive and disinterested physician belongs to the bright galaxy of luminaries who worked in BSMU.
Boris Leonidovich was born on the 4th of August , 1909 in the village of Nova Olexiyivka in the region of Kherson in the family of a farmer. In 1928 he finished a secondary school, entered Dniepropetrovskiy Medical Institute and in 1932 graduated from it. Radzikhovskiy combined his studies with the work of a maths teacher at the preparatory courses of the institute. From 1932 to 1934 he was an oculist in the polyclinic at the “Kommunar” plant ( in the city of Zaporizhzhya ) and simultaneously taught physical chemistry in the institute. Having finished his 3 years long probation, Radzikhovskiy did a post-graduate course in the Medical Institute of Dniepropetrovsk. In 1937 he was appointed manager of the Eye Department at the district hospital of Molochaysk.
Radzikhovskiy’s research work drew attention of a prominent Academician Filatov V.P. and under his supervision Boris Leonidovich defended his candidate thesis in Odesskiy Madical Institute in 1940.
The Great Patriotic War broke out and Radzikhovskiy was mobilized to the Red Army, at first as the head of the Eye Unit of an evacuation hospital №1798, then the chief ophthalmologist of the Special Oculist Evacohospital №1389 (in the city of Gorkiy), where he worked till September, 1945.
By the order of the Ministry of Health of Ukrainian SSR Radzikhovskiy was appointed the head of the Department of Eye Diseases in Chernivetskiy Medical Insitute (BSMU now) on the 9th of December, 1945. Boris Leonidovich was the first manager of this department, its founder and initiator of its many-sided work.
Radzikhovskiy was engaged in the research all the time: 3-4 hours daily he devoted to his own studies, besides, he guided the scientific work of his colleagues and students. Prof. Radzikhovskiy published about 140 scientific articles, he is the author of 10 inventions and 20 rationalization proposals, the main topic of his work being glaucoma, refraction and accommodation of the eye, new methods of investigations. Under Prof. Radzikhovskiy”s supervision 9 candidate thesis were done: by Averbukh S.L., Vodovozov A.M.,Titenko K.S., Kurchenko S.N., Kondratskiy V.F., Lovlya G.D., Luchik V.I., Voronova T.B., Telegina T.M. and doctor’s dissertation by Vodovozov A.M.
Prof. Radzikhovskiy contributed greatly to the ophthalmologist service and reduction of eye diseases in Bucovine. He was the example of devotion to the profession of a doctor, self-discipline and sacrifice. The atmosphere of friendly mutual assistance and understanding reigned at the department. The peculiar feature of his lectures was the combination of teaching and bringing up future eye specialists. Prof. Radzikhovskiy was the head of the Regional Scientific Society of Oculists, a member of the All-Union and All-Ukrainian Scientific Societies, participated actively in the publication of the professional “Ophthalmologic Journal”. Boris Leonidovich was elected a deputy to the City Council 3 times and 2 times to the District Council of Chernivtsi.
Prof. Radzikhovskiy B.L. was awarded the Order of the Labour Red Banner, 5 medals ,Honorary Diplomas, the rank of the Honoured Scientist of Ukraine. He died abruptly at the age of 66. On the 1st of July, 2001 a memorial table was unveiled on the building where he lived on the occasion of XIIth Ophthalmologic Symposium ( Odessa-Genoa). In October, 2009 the All-Ukrainian Conference was devoted to one hundredth anniversary of Prof. Radzikhovskiy’s birth.
KIRSCHENBLAT JAKIV DAVYDOVYCH
Kirschenblat Jakiv Davydovych, doctor of biological sciences, professor, who graduated biological department of Leningrad State University, a disciple of the distinguished scientists – O.O. Ukchtomsky and L.A. Orbeli.
J.D. Kirschenblat was elected to head the Chair of Normal Physiology of Chernivtsi Medical Institute. He held the office and his activities had been fruitful for a quarter of the century.
The jewel of J.D. Kirschenblat’s heritage is the scientific school created by him. His ideas of the searching new mechanisms and new technologies for the fullest disclosure of the neurohumoral regulation of reproductive glands, his thoughts on the peculiarities of interactive effect of the endocrine glands have a system development and present-day interpretation in the Bukovinian State Medical University.
14 Candidates of Science, 3 Doctors of Science have ascended under J.D. Kirschenblat’s dedicated supervision, far much endocrinology as a science has become a leading theme in the scientific activities of the institute for the next decades. He was the author of 3 textbooks, 3 monographs, 155 research papers.
He was a noted scientist of international fame. A theory of pheromones which Jakiv Davydovych called telergones captivated him most of all. Every textbook on physiology and endocrinology throughout the world includes a reference to the reaction of Kirschenblat-Herbilsky, one of the first pregnancy tests in the world.
The achievements of J.D. Kirschenblat were highly appreciated by the society. He was awarded The Badge of Honor Order and a lot of medals. A special annual educational scholarship was founded in honor of professor J.D. Kirschenblat.
This is precisely why the Chair of Physiology of our University bears an honoured name of J.D. Kirschenblat.
But the highest tribute to the memory of The Scientist is the refinement of the scientific ideas generated by him, in research activities of the disciples of his disciples.
The 100th anniversary of J.D. Kirschenblat was commemorated by scientific community, academic circles and students of BSMU.
P. M. Gudzenko was born on the 4th of December, 1913 in the family of a peasant in a village of Cherkasskiy Region. He finished a secondary school and Uman medical college. In 1939 Gudzenko graduated from Kyiv Medical Institute and worked as an infectious specialist in Khmelnitskiy Region and later a military doctor in the Soviet Army. During violent years of the Great Patriotic war Prokopiy Mikitovich was in the partisan unification under the leadership of the Supreme Soviet of USSR deputy Olekseenko S.A. After the war Gudzenko worked over 20 years in Chernivetskiy Region, at first as the head at the Regional Hospital department, then from 1946 till 1965 in The Medical Institute of Chernivtsi as an assistant and assistant professor. In 1955 he was appointed the head of the Pediatrics Department, from 1962 to 1965 he was the vice-rector of scientific and educational work. In 1958 Gudzenko P. M. did his doctorate thesis and the title of professor was conferred to him.
Since 1965 till the end of his days Prof. Gudzenko headed the Department of Pediatrics of Kyiv Medical Institute. One of the leading pediatrists of Ukraine, Prof. Gudzenko devoted his studies to topical problems of pediatrics, in particular pediatric tuberculosis, dysentery, staphylococcic diseases, nephrology, nutrition of infants and children. He is the author of 153 studies, including 8 monographs.
Prof. Gudzenko reared a scientific school of brilliant pediatrists, among them professors Nabukhotniy T.K., Berezhniy V. V., oth., candidates of medical science Nakonechnaya N. I., Kravets A.A., Vasilyeva O. G., Kizim V. V., Glugovskaya L. A., oth. Prokopiy Mikitovich was also a gifted lecturer and teacher, which helped him to publish together with colleagues the textbook “Children’s Diseases”, which was marked with the state prize. His “Pediatrician’s Reference Book” enjoyed wide popularity with practicians. Prof. Gudzenko headed the edition of the journal “Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology” for many years. A man of great generosity and self-sacrifice, always ready to help and share his rich experience, Professor was respected and loved both by students and colleagues. On the post of chief pediatrician of the Health Ministry of Ukraine he implemented into practice concrete preventive and therapeutic measures to improve the quality of medical care of children.
Prof. Gudzenko was also active in social life, being elected a deputy to the city council of Chernivtsi, a member of All-Union Scientific Society of Pediatricians, a member of the editorial board of the journal “Pediatrics”.
Prof. Gudzenko’s life is the example of creative attitude to work. The government highly valued his therapeutic, scientific, pedagogical and social activity and conferred the Order of the Labour Red Banner and medals on him. He died on the 30th of November in Kyiv. His bright personality will always be alive in the memory of his colleagues, friends, patients, numerous pupils and everybody, who knew this wonderful man.
Kovalyov Mikhailo Markovich
(1916 – 1990)
Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Rector of Chernivtsi Medical Institute
Professor Kovalyov M. M. was born on the 8th of November, 1916 in the village of Dubivka in Rostov-on-Don Region.
In 1937 he finished a medical college in the town of Shakhta and worked as a medical attendant at the Traumatologic Department in the municipal hospital of the town.
From 1937 to 1939 he did a military service as a sanitary instructor and surgeon’s assistant in the army in Kyiv District.
In 1939 Kovalyov M. M. entered Donetsk Medical Institute. But he had to interrupt his studies and volunteered to the front as the war descended upon the motherland.
During the Great Patriotic war of 1941-1945 Mikhail Markovich headed the sanitary service of the army. He took part in the defence of Vitebsk, Smolensk, Vyazma, Novgorod, Rzhev, Stara Russ and Leningrad.
The war being over, Kovalyov M. M. continued his education and in 1948 graduated from Donetsk Medical Institute with distinction and started lecturing. In 1952 he was appointed an assistant professor. In 1952 Mikhail Markovich defended his candidate thesis under the guidance of Prof. Kuzmenko L. M.
By the order of the Health Ministry of USSR Kovalyov M. M. was appointed the rector of the Medical Institute in Chernivtsi, where he worked from 1954 to 1962. In 1960 Kovalyov did his doctorate and was conferred the scientific degree of professor. Working hard, energetically and purposely Mikhail Markovich successfully combined administrative, pedagogical, medicinal and social work with scientific research. His main interests lay in the sphere of physiology, biochemistry and pathology of endocrine system. Being headed by Prof. Kovalyov, the collective group of the institute improved scientific work and training of highly skilled specialists. He initiated studies on thyroid resection at nodal goiter, which were recognized in numerous countries in the world. The professor took an active part in scientific expeditions to the remote areas of Chernivtsi Region. The results of his scientific research were summed up in his numerous monographs. Prof. Kovalyov’s heritage numbers about 400 studies, including 8 monographs on urology, surgical endocrinology, gastroenterology, urgent surgery of the stomach, ulcer disease, intestine, peritoneum.
In 1962 Prof. Kovalyov took the post of the head at the Surgical Department in Kyiv Medical Institute.
In the period of 1963-1972 he headed the scientific medical board and participated in the collegium of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine.
Prof. Kovalyov worked as the director of Kyiv Research Hematology and Hemotransfusion Institute from 1971 to 1972. In 1985 he was the professor at the Hospital Surgery Department in the Medical Institute in Kyiv.
A skilful teacher and expert surgeon, Prof. Kovalyov reared a school of perspective scientists, among them 17 doctors and 53 candidates of medical sciences, including 12 in Chernivtsi Medical Institute, namely Tanasienko I. D., Burka A. A., Pushkar N. S., Yaroslavtsev S. A., Yukhimets O. D., Skhodnitskiy V. S., Klimenko O. M.
Prof. Kovalyov was active in social life, being elected a deputy to Donetsk and Chernivtsi Councils several times, was a member of the regional committees of the Communist Party in Chernivtsi and Kyiv, a delegate to the XXIst and XXIInd Congresses of the CPSU. Mikhailo Markovich also worked in the editorial board of the scientific medical journal “Vesnik Khirurgii Grekova” / “Surgical Herald named after Grekov”.
For his sacrificing work at the time of peace and war Prof. Kovalyov was awarded the Orders of Lenin, Great Patriotic War, the Red Star, two orders of the Labour Red Banner and a lot of medals and rolls of honour.Mihkail Markovich died on the 14th of April in 1990 and was buried in Kyiv. In his honour in 1994 Prof. Kovalyov’s annual student’s grant was founded. Professor Kovalev’s portrait belongs to the gallery of founders and luminaries of Bucovinian State Medical University, who contributed greatly to its heritage and progress.
BORIMA TROKHIM VASILYOVICH
(1914 – 1984)
Borima Trokhim Vasilyovich, an outstanding scientist, brilliant lecturer, gifted tutor, virtuoso surgeon, wise superviser, wonderful, kindhearted, sympathetic, decent man, gave all his knowledge and energy away to train a worthy and merited generation of obstetricians and gynecologists.
Trokhim Vasilyovich was born on the 19th of September, 1914 in the town of Proscuriv of Kamyanets-Podilskiy Region of Ukraine in the family of farmers. By 1932 Borima had finished 7 grades of a secondary school, a medical professional school and entered Kyiv Medical Institute. In 1937 he moved to Odesskiy Medical Institute and in 1939 graduated from it. In 1940 Borima joined the Soviet Army and during the Great Patriotic War worked as a doctor in Sataniv and headed a surgical unit and maternity department in the district hospital in Gorodotsk of Khmelnitskiy Region. After the war Borima did a post-graduate course in obstetrics and gynecology in the Medical Institute of Kyiv.
In 1950 Borima T.V. started working in Chernivetskiy Medical Institute. The next year he defended his candidate thesis. From 1954 to 1963 Borima worked as an assistant professor at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. In 1963 he was appointed head of the Department. In 1965 Borima defended his doctor’s dissertation and was confirmed in the rank of Professor.
The scholar’s interest lied in the scope of normal and pathologic pregnancy. Prof.Borima endeavoured to study intercellular liquid and, in particular, genital tuberculosis, that being the topic of his doctor’s dissertation. A scientist of the highest grade, Borima T.V. was well-known not only in Ukraine, but abroad as well. His scientific heritage numbers 4 monographs, 60 articles, schemes for case reports, schematic charts of algorithms for first aid in obstetrics and gynecology. Trokhim Vasilyovich was the fouder of the pathoanatomical museum at the Department. He also initiated the work of the scientific circle at the Institute. Everybody admired his highly qualified professional skills. Trokhim Vasilyovich raised a school of brilliant disciples, among them: Zbikovskaya L.I., Gunkov V.S., Vatamanyuk N.N., Kovalenko P.P., Girman V.I., Rudik I.N., Vaniev R.A., Kopteva L.N., Moscalenko L.I., Kaporina N.V.,Soboleva G.G., Khilko I.M., Bukhanets T.A. For them he served the example of selfless and dedicated devotion to the duty of a doctor.
Prof. Borima was a member of the Board of the Scientific Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of Ukrainian SSR, he took part in conferences and sessions as a representative of Bucovinian school of obstetrics and gynecology. Trokhim Vasilyovich headed the Regional Scientific Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Committee of First Aid. Only in the year of 1967 Professor made 202 trips to local villages, performed 120 operations, gave 1400 consultations in hospitals and 772 in ambulatories.
Prof. Borima was also active in social life: he was elected to the local authorities and spoke up for maternity problems. After resignation in 1982 he continued consulting patients and young doctors. Borima T.V. died in 1984, leaving a bright galaxy of scientists and practitioners, who keep light memory and gratitude in their hearts and follow his traditions.
(1918 – 2001)
The name of O.D. Yukhimets, an outstanding scientist, skilful surgeon, talented teacher and recognized civic leader belongs to the founders of medical education in Bucovine. He was born in Septem-ber,5, 1918 in the village of Lotivka of Khmelnitskiy Region in a large family of peasants. After finishing 7 forms of school, he entered a medical college in Shepetivka, where he got excellent knowledge and moulded his character of a leader. In 1940 Olexiy joined the Red Army, working as a sanitary instructor of a tank brigade, was wounded in the battle near Moscow and hospitalized in the city of Frunze. Having become invalid, he stayed at the hospital as the head doctor’s assistant till the end of the war. Simultaneously the future scholar did an evening course in Kirgizkiy Medical Institute, but interrupted his study as he decided to work in a military hospital at that difficult time.
After the war Yukhimets continued education in Chernivtsy Medical Institute, receiving nominal Stalin’s grant for excellent study. The student’s inclination to surgery was evident and under the supervision of a gifted scientist and teacher M.P. Novikov Olexiy published 2 scientific works. In 1949 the scientific board confirmed him for taking the post-graduate course . Since that time his life became inseparably connected with the Surgical Department of the Institute. Being an assistant, he defended his candidate dissertation and was appointed assistant professor of it.
Prof. Yukhimets contributed greatly to the progress of the Department: significant advances were made in the studies of clinical, biochemical and morphologic peculiarities of the goiter in Bucovine, its surgical treatment and rehabilitation. The results of these studies were summarized in the fundamental monograph “Clinic and Surgery of Nodular Goiter”. Together with colleagues from the Chemistry Department he took part in the study of the antimicrobial agent decametoxin, which is widely used nowadays in surgery, urology, otolaryngology and ophthalmology. Prof. Yukhimets’ heritage embraces 132 studies, 2 educational textbooks, 1 author’s work, over 20 rationalization proposals. 5 candidate theses were made under his supervision.
Prof. Yukhimets contributed greatly to the improvement of material and technical basis of the Institute, making efforts to provide it with modern equipment and up-to-date devices for study and rest. Students of that period can’t but keep in memory the rest camp in Repuzhintsy, the Club of Light-Hearted and Ready-Witted, the world famous amateur ensemble “Trembita”, the atmosphere of the students’ brotherhood. Under his guidance scientific work yielded remarkable achievements made by Kovalyov M.M., Shchupak N.B.,Samson O.I., Troyan G.A., Savenko S.M., Krutsyak V.M., who became authoritative scholars of the world. In the period from 1963 to 1974 34 doctors and 174 candidates of medical science were prepared and numerous conferences held within the walls of the Institute.
For his feats of arm and labor Prof. Yukhimets was decorated with the Orders of the Great Patriotic War of the 1st degree, the Red Banner, the Badge of Honour, a medal “For Gallantry” and 12 other awards; he was an honoured member of the Academic Board, participated in the activity of the Board of Veterans of the Great Patriotic War.
Olexiy Demyanovich died in 2001. In the memory of his colleagues , followers and disciples he remains an extraordinary personality, self-sacrificing medical man and outstanding scientist.
O.S. Sokol, a scientist, teacher, infectionist, doctor of medical sciences, professor, honoured woman of science and technique, belongs to the luminaries of Bucovinian State Medical University.
O.S. Sokol-Taraban was born in May,4 1919 in the village of Rogoziv in Kyivskiy Region in the family of peasants.. In 1937 she finished a secondary school and entered the Mathematical Department of Kyiv University. But in October of the same year her father was arrested and sentenced to death as the people’s enemy. Olexandra was expelled both from the Young Communist League and University. The girl dared to write an appealing letter to the head of the state Stalin and soon she was reinstated in the party and her father rehabilitated. Olexandra Semenivna entered a sanitary-hygienic faculty of Kyiv Medical Institute.
The Great Patriotic War broke out and the Institute was evacuated to Chelyabinsk, from which she graduated in 1942. Olexandra Semenivna refused to do a post-graduate course and volunteered to the Army in the Field as a doctor. Prof. Sokol passed a combat way from Moscow to Berlin, ended as a commander of a sanitary regiment, was wounded and conferred orders for her heroic deeds.
From 1946 till 1949 Olexandra Semenivna did a post-graduate course and at the same time worked as an assistant at the Infectious Department of Kyiv Medical Institute. In 1949 she defended her candidate thesis, in 1953 did a doctorate course and was appointed the head of the Infectious Department of Chernivtsy Medical Institute. She fulfilled the duties of a prorector simultaneously.
Prof. Sokol initiated scientific and pedagogical work at the faculty. Special attention was paid to tuberculosis meningitis in children at the time. Olexandra Semenivna brought up a scientific school of followers, among them Kosovskiy Yu.Yu., Bespala A.U., Zhukovska O.A.,Zabolotniy M.S.
Together with the sanitary-epidemiologic service the staff contributed greatly to the reduction of such diseases as typhus, diphthe- ria, acute intestinal infection. She supervised 2 candidate and 1 doctorate theses. Thus, in Chernivtsy Medical Institute Prof. Sokol’s character of a leader and organizer was moulded. Olexandra Semenivna was respected both by scientists and practitioners as a demanding, self-disciplined, energetic, talented personality and sympathetic, wise and courageous woman.
In 1962 Prof.Sokol returned to Kyiv to the post of the head of Infectious Diseases Department in charge of which she had been for 27 years, being a vice-rector of educational work.
Olexandra Semenivna headed Ukranian Scientific Siciety of Infectionists, initiated congresses and conferences, which facilitated the implementation of scientific advances into practice, raised professional skills of infectionists and popularized medical knowledge with people.
But above all she was cut out for practical work, it was her vocation and she was devoted to it completely: systematically made rounds with other colleagues of the department and hospital doctors, held seminars on problems of diagnosis and urgent treatment.
Prof. Sokol’s academic, concrete and practical lectures were admired by students. She spared no efforts to provide the department with proper equipment and up-to-date devices both for study and research. The First All-Union Congress of Infectionists assessed the clinical basis of Chernivtsy Infectious Department as the best .
Prof. Sokol reared 6 doctors of medical sciences, among them academician Vozianov Zh.l., professors Kozyuk P.M., Lipkovskiy V.P.,Latenko Ya.P., Chorna T.M. and 34 candidates of medical sciences.
Olexandra Semenivna was decorated with the Orders of the Great Patriotic War of the 1st and 2nd degree, Order of the Red Star, a medal”For Gallantry” and for the achievements in her work – with the Badge of Honour and Order of the Red Banner. In 1983 she was conferred the rank of Honoured Figure of Science and Technique.
Prof. Sokol O.S. died in 2001. She stays in the memory of her disciples and colleagues as a devoted patriot, outstanding scientist, doctor and lecturer, who gave her life away to medical science and people’s health.
VICTORIA ANTONIVNA MALISHEVSKA
Victoria Antonivna Malishevska, professor, doctor of Medical Sciences, graduated from Kharkiv Medical Institute. She worked in Chernivtsi Medical Institute from 1956. In 1967 V.A. Malishevska was awarded the scientific degree of Doctor of Medical Sciences and from 1970 till 1986 and in 2000 – 2001 she headed the Department of Human Anatomy. From 1968 till 1971 Malishevska combined the job of vice-rector of scientific work.
V.A. Malishevska is the author of more than 100 printed scientific works and two author‘s certificates for discoveries. The main direction of her works is prenatal morphogenesis of human organs. Developing the traditions of embryonal studies initiated by Professor M.G.Turkevich,Victoria Antonivna Malishevska contributed to the growth of scientists-embryologists in Ukraine,being the superviser of numerous candidate and doctoral thesis.
KLOCHKOVA LYUDMILA SEMENIVNA
(1923 – 1987)
SAVELYEV OLEG MIKOLAYOVICH
Professor Savelyev O. M. belongs to the scientific luminaries of Bucovinian State Medical University, who contributed greatly to its pride and glory. He was born on the 12tho April, 1928 in a village of Luganskiy Region in the medical family: his father Mikola Petrovich, candidate of medical sciences, surgeon-oncologist, was Honorable Doctor of Ukraine; his mother Natalia Olexandrivna was a surgeon; both of them worked as military doctors in the Soviet Army during violent years of the Great Patriotic war.
After finishing a secondary school Savelyev graduated from sanitary-hygienic faculty of Kharkiv Medical Institute. He was appointed the head doctor at the sanitary-epidemiologic station to the village in the Kharkiv Region. In 1957 he entered the Post-Graduate Department at Kharkiv Medical Institute. From 1960 till 1965 he was an assistant at the General Hygiene Department, in 1963 defended his candidate thesis; in 1965 – 1970 headed the Hygiene Department for Teenagers; 1965 – 1990 worked in the Republican Committee “Hygiene of Children and Teenagers”, headed scientific societies of hygienists and sanitary doctors, a member of the Mendeleyev Society, a member of the All-Union Committee ”Scientific Foundations of Hygiene for Children and Teenagers”. In 1970 was appointed by competition the head of the Hygiene Department of Orenburgzskiy Medical Institute. In 1975 Oleg Mikolayevich defended his doctorate dissertation.
Prof. Savelyev headed the Department of General Hygiene of Bucovinian State Medical University from 1980 to 1999. During those twenty years Prof. Savelyev did a colossal work, publishing 200 studies devoted mostly to the subject of children’s and teenagers’ hygiene, rearing a school of hygienists, such famous scientists as Melchenko V. A., Petrashko E. A., Zaytseva L. A., Bogomolov L. L., PrunchakI. F., Grachova T. I., oth. among them. Prof. Savelyev contributed greatly to the prevention of common diseases and anomalies in teenagers, such as chronic tonsillitis, bad sight, scoliosis, rachitis, paying special attention to the problem of children’s nutrition.
Oleg Mikolayovich participated in International Congresses of Hygienists in Varna, Bulgaria, Prague, Czechoslovakia, Moscow, Russia. He took part in All-Union symposiums, conferences, congresses on hygiene almost every year; organized All-Ukrainian Students Olympiads on hygiene, at which students from BSMU took prizes.
An intelligent by nature, Prof. Savelyev was respected and loved by colleagues and students. Decent, generous, sympathetic with people, Oleg Mikolayevich was a many-sided personality with a wide scope of interests, among them fishing, hunting, travelling, driving, gardening. He was a passionate theatre-goer and never missed a chance to see a performance , when he happened to be in Moscow, Kyiv, Leningrad, Kharkiv. His optimism, enthusiasm, unexhausted humour cheered up everybody, who knew him.
Prof. Savelyev died on the 6th of September, 1999. His bright personality, scientific discoveries and rich experience lived him through in the deeds of grateful pupils and memory of patients and friends.
Pisko Grigoriy Timofiyovich
A corresponding member of the Academy of Technological Sciences of Ukraine, pharmacologist, doctor of medical sciences, professor Grigoriy
Timofiyovich Pisko belongs to the luminaries of Bucovinian State Medical University.
Professor Pisko was born in May, 24, 1928 in the village of Mazurivka of Vinnitskiy Region in the family of collective farmers. After finishing school he studied at the Feldsher’s and Obstetrics College in Tulchin. From 1948 till 1949 Grigoriy Timofiyovich worked as a state sanitary inspector in the region of Vinnitsa and was recommended for further study at a higher medical establishment.Thus, in 1955 Pisko graduated from Chernivetskiy Medical Institute with an honours diploma and did an intership course at the faculty therapy department. From the very start
Pisko showed inclination for scientific work and carried out a research under the supervision of assistant professor B. Rodnyanskiy. Before long G. T. Pisko defended his candidate thesis, his first scientific endeavours being dedicated to special features of medical herbs. As a student he wrote 4 scientific works, which were marked with republican awards and printed in medical journals, including “Vrachebnoye Delo”, one of the most authoritative in the world of medicine. From 1957 till 1965 Grigoriy Timofiyovich worked as a deputy dean at the faculty of junior courses and
headed post-graduate education. From 1967 to 1972 Prof. Pisko was the head of the Pharmacological department in Chernivetskiy Medical Institute. Grigoriy Timofiyovich contributed greatly to the reconstruction of premises for the Pharmacological Department and did a lot to provide it with up-to-date equipment and modern technical devices.
In 1967 Pisko defended his doctorate thesis and was conferred the rank of professor in 1969. Due to his scientific genius a chemical agent ethonium was highlighted, studied, synthesized by doctor’s assistant V.P. Denisenko and implemented into medical and veterinary practice. Together with his collegues Prof. Pisko grounded its usage for treatment of gastric and peptic ulcer, chronic pancreatitis, hepatitis, thrombo-phlebitis and at present ethonium is used in medicine and veterinary science.
The scientific direction chosen by Prof. Pisko G.T. appeared actual and perspective and drew attention of numerous scientists and practitioners worldwide.
Prof. Pisko reared a scientific school of prominent scientists, among them Prof. Kosuba R.B., candidates of medical sciences Moldovan V.I., Kucher V.I., Kirpenko Yu.A.,Karinkovskaya R.B.;Strizhiboroda D.F.; Professors Kolomoyets M.Yu. and Khristich T.M. defended their doctorate theses under his supervision.
Prof. Pisko led his followers in the study of pharmacologic, chemothe- rapeutic and antimicrobic properties of synthetic compounds. Besides, he was the head of the post-graduate course and dean of the therapeutic faculty of the Institute.
Prof. Pisko wrote 60 scientific works and was the author of 2 rationalization proposals. He supervised 3 candidate and 2 doctorate theses.
From 1972 to 1973 Grigoriy Timofiyovich was a professor at the Department of Physiology in Chernivetskiy State University.
From 1973 to 1993 he headed the laboratory in Kyiv Research Institute of Synthesis and Ecology, from 1993 till 1998 he was the head of the Medical Toxicology Centre and later deputy director at the Institute of Food Chemistry and Technology. In the Kyiv period his talent of an orga-nizer and scientific genius, both of a theorist and practitioner revealed itself at the most.
Prof. Pisko G.T. died on the 1st of January in 1998.
One can hardly overestimate the contribution of Prof. Pisko to the scientific heritage of Bucovinian State Medical University. Besides, Grigoriy Timofiyovich was active in social life, being a member of the Republican Problem Committee “Pharmacology” of the Health Ministry of Ukraine, an expert of Toxicologic Scientific Academy, working in the Soviet of Pharmacology and Toxicology Institute for Scientific Degrees, etc.
Prof. Pisko was many times on the Roll of Honour, he was decorated with the Badge “Excellent Worker of Chemical Industry” and awarded Honorary Diplomas by the Ministry of Chemical Industry and Central Committee of the Trade Union.
Pahkmurniuy Boris Andriyovich, Doctor of Medical Sciences, head of the department of Pathological Physiology, a scientist of the highest grade, worked in Bucovinian State Medical University (BSMU), Chernivtsi Medical University then, only about 15 years, but left unforgettable bright memories of himself and made a valuable contribution both to the scientific heritage of BSMU with his books and articles (64 in number) and training of students and scientists by his unique methods under the motto “Teach by surprising!”. A scholar to his very marrow, Prof. Pakhmurniy devoted himself to science, living by it, deriving strength from it, enjoying his very short life in it.
Pakhmurniy B.A. was born in the village of Stanislav in the region of Kherson on the 15th of December, 1931 in the family of a doctor and a teacher of biology. In 1937 the family moved to Odessa and Boris entered a secondary school. But the Great Patriotic War broke out, father was mobilized to the Army and mother with 2 sons moved to the region of Altai. After the war the family returned to Odessa, where Pakhmurniy finished a secondary school and graduated from Odesskiy Medical Institute(1955).After graduation Boris Andriyovich worked as a first-aid doctor and a military surgeon in Barnaul. But thirst for knowledge made him come to the laboratory of Berkhin Yuhim Borisovich, a famous pharmacologist, engaged in the study of water-salt metabolism. It was the onset of his scientific work. Under Berkhin as his superviser Pakhmurniy defended his candidate thesis in 1962 in Tomskiy Medical Institute. In 1964 Pakhmurniy was appointed head of the department of pathologic physiology and in March, 1966 he was elected assistant professor by vote. At the end of this year Pakhmurniy won the competition for the post of the head of Pathologic Physiology Department of Chernivetskiy Medical Institute. In 1969 Boris Andriyovich defended his Doctor dissertation and in 1971 he was confirmed in the academic rank of Professor at the Department. From 1971 to 1974 Prof. Pakhmurniy worked as vice-rector of scientific work. His many-sided and self-sacrificing activity was marked by the order of the institute and on the roll of honour .
A brilliant lecturer, Prof. Pakhmurniy carried away audiences of students, practitioners and colleagues by his intellect, erudition, general culture and absolute command of the subject under study. A scientific circle organized by Prof. Pakhmurniy trained such future doctors and candidates as Ivanov Yu.I. Kokoshchuk G.I., Gozhenko A.I., Svirskiy O.O., Trinyak M.G.,Kabashnyuk V.O., Rudik I.M., Strikalenko T.V. and many others. The atmosphere of genuine democracy reigned at the department. Boris Andriyovich treated his students and young scholars like his own children, sparing no pains or private time, being strictly restrained and friendly, courageous and generous, sincere and trustful. Professor enjoyed deep respect and popularity with the youth owing to his wisdom and decency. He often had to be a scientific pilot in the dialogue between generations.
In June, 1980 Prof. Pakhmurniy won the competition for the post of the head of the laboratory in the Scientific Research Institute of water transport hygiene and moved back to Odessa. But suddenly, at the peak of his creative scientific ability and at the age of 52, on the 27th of April, 1983 Prof. Pakhmurniy died by mysterious accident.
Man with the capital letter and a scientific luminary of BSMU, Boris Andriyovich Pakhmurniy is alive in the work and hearts of his disciples and followers.
KRUTSYAK VOLODIMIR MIKOLYOVICH
( 1936 – 2000 )
Krutsyak V. M., an outstanding scientist-anatomist, embryologist, teacher, academician of the Higher School of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, member of New York Academy of Sciences, doctor of medical sciences, professor, belongs to the glorious cohort of luminaries of Bucovinian State Medical University (BSMU) and his portrait decorates its gallery of the “alma mater” scientists. Volodimir Mikolayovich was born in May, 2 , 1936 in the village of Ginkivtsy of Ternopilskiy Region in an ordinary peasants’ family of pious and cultured people.
Thirst for knowledge and love of music helped him overcome a long distance from his native village to the nearest secondary school. The death of his beloved granddad made him choose the profession of a doctor. In 1954 he entered the Medical Institute in Chernivtsi and simultaneously attended an evening department of the musical professional school. An excellent student, Volodimir Mikolayovich took an active part in the Institute’s amateur folk ensemble “Trembita”, conducting the orchestra of folk instruments. This very “Trembita” soon became known all over the world due to the genius poet and composer Volodimir Ivasyuk and popular singer Sophia Rotaru.
Volodimir Mikolayovich acquired a passion for medical science and in 1960 after graduation from the Medical Institute took a post-graduate course.
Since 1960 Krutsyak worked at the Anatomy Department under the guidance of a prominent scientist professor Turkevich M. G. Under Prof. Turkevich’s and Prof. Malishevskaya’s supervision he defended his candidate (1964) and doctorate (1972) theses.
The contribution made by Prof. Krutsyak’s research and studies into medical science made Volodimir Mikolayovich the founder of a modern school of morphologists. The scientific trend, engaged in the study of human organs , their systems and development, initiated by Prof. Krutsyak V. M., turned into one of the leading scientific schools of Ukraine.
Volodimir Mikolayovich headed the Anatomy Department of BSMU (Bucovinian Medical Academy at his time) from 1956 till the last of him. Under his supervision there were defended 27 candidate and 5doctorate dissertations; 6 of his disciples became professors and at present head the University Departments, among them Kravchenko O. V., Yatsozhinska U. Yu., Polyanskiy I. O.,Pashkovskiy V.M., Akhtemiychuk Yu. T., Zaytsev V. I. 14 candidates of medical sciences work as practical doctors, 11 of them are surgeons.
The distinguishing feature of Krutsyak’s scientific school is the application of scientific achievements into practice, for example, the implementation of new diagnostic and surgical methods.
The Anatomy Department cooperated actively with other departments of the University as well as with the departments of National Medical University named after O. O. Bogomolets , Research Institute of Roentgenoradiology and Oncology, Republican Proctology Centre in Kyiv. Due to this 20 new methods of surgical correction of pathology were widely used in practical medicine.
The Xth All-Union Congress of Anatomists and Morphologists declared the work of the Department the best in the state. Prof. Krutsyak was awarded the rank of academician (1989) and the honourable title “Honoured Scientist of Ukraine”. Volodimir Mikolayovich was an active participant in the work of All-Union and Republican congresses, conferences, symposia.He was vice-president of the All-Ukrainian Scientific Community of Anatomists, Histologists, Embryologists and Topographoanatomists for a long time. Thanks to close contacts with collegues from Russia, Byelorussia, Latvia in 1990 there in Chernivtsi was held the IIIrd Republican Congress.
Volodimir Mikolayovich was on the board of the journals “Archive of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology”, “Herald of Morphology” and “Bucovinian Medical Herald”. A brilliant lecturer, he drew the attention and interest of students by his scientifically profound and comprehensive lectures. Prof. Krutsyak published 10 manuals on different sections of the human body. He is the author of 280 studies, 4 monographs, 11 textbooks, 22 patents and author’s certificates.
A person of extraordinary generosity and boundless love of the near, the professor was sympathetic with everyone, irrespective whether he talked with a student or an academician, a minister or a charwoman.
His cosy office was always crowded, nobody left it disappointed. Prof. Krutsyak gave away his wisdom, knowledge, experience, warmth and kindness of his heart to people. It’s about him the Latin saying goes: “Alus inser viendo ipse consumor”.
PRONYAYEV VOLODIMIR IVANOVICH
The name of Volodimir Ivanovich Pronyayev, doctor of medical sciences, professor, anatomist, embryologist, teacher, belongs to the luminaries of Bucovinian State Medical University (BSMU), who made its glory and contributed greatly to its scientific heritage.
Volodimir Ivanovich was born in March, 1941 in Makiivka of Donetskiy Region in a worker’s family. Those were hard times of war, disorganization and starvation. In his childhood Volodimir was a serious boy and preferred reading to noisy games. This passion for literature lasted to the end of his days, favourite genres being historical novels, documentaries, belles letters. Due to intellectual curiosity and endevour an ordinary boy from a small miners’ town made a brilliant scientific career. He took after his mother, who was a doctor’s assistant and, after finishing a secondary school, entered a medical professional school in Vinnitsa. The scope of his knowledge and interests surpassed the level of the school and once, having visited M. I. Pirogov’s Estate-Museum, he realized that his vocation was anatomy!
From 1960 to 1963 Pronyayev did his military service as a sergent of the army medical service in the region of the Carpathian mountains. After demobilization Volodimir Ivanovich entered the Medical Institute in Chernivtsi (now BSMU). An excellent student, he was active in scientific circles and social life of the institute. Undoubtedly, anatomy was his calling and he took to Prof. Turkevich M. G.’s anatomy circle and already studying on the second course did a scientific work on renal structure. Volodimir initiated an art studio, which united talented youth of the city. Several art exhibitions were held with success. He managed every-thing and was in time everywhere: at the students’ parties, at the Club of Merry and Witty, at sports festivals, in scientific circles.
In 1969 after graduation with distinction Pronyayev was recommended for scientific work. During post-graduate education he was elected an assistant at the Anatomy Department. Intellectual scientific atmosphere created by professors Turkevich M. G. and Malishevskaya V. A. and doctor of medical sciences V.M. Krutsyak was favourable for scientific growth of the young scientist. In 1973 he defended his thesis “Development and Age Peculiarities of Renal Arteries in Man” with success. In 1986 he performed his doctorate dissertation under the supervision of Prof. Malishevskaya.
Being a brilliant lecturer, V. I. Pronyayev won students’ hearts and carried them away with the subject under study by his comprehensive and enthralling lectures. Prof. Pronyayev’s articles were published in leading scientific journals like “Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine”, “Journal of Evolutional Physiology and Biochemistry”, “Proceedings of Academy of Sciences of U.S.S.R” and others. Prof. Pronyayev’s total scientific heritage includes over 150 works, 12 inventions, 38 rationalization proposals.
Volodimir Ivanovich was a very sociable person; a connoisseur of art and literature, having a rich collection of books, he was an interesting and pleasant man to talk to. Besides, he played the piano well, wrote poetry and was a good painter. In the administrative building of BSMU in the Theatrical Square there is a picture of a surgeon Yudin, the draft of which was performed by Prof. Pronyayev.
From 1994 to 1997 Prof. Pronyayev headed the Department of Topographic Anatomy and Operative Surgery of BSMA and from 1993 to 1997 he combined the post of the head with that of the dean of the Medical Faculty.
Due to his merits V. I. Pronyayev was conferred the title “Honoured Worker of Education of Ukraine” (1995) and the rank of Academician of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (1996).
Under his guidance three candidate theses were defended, namely, by I. N. Dogadina, V. P. Unguryan and O. V. Tsigikalo.
A devoted husband and father, Volodimir Ivanovich brought up two sons, who followed him and made perspective scientists in medicine.
Sympathetic with people and friendly, a person of high principles and self-discipline, rich erudition and culture, Prof. Pronyayev was respected and loved by his colleagues and students. Memory of him will be held in the hearts of everybody who knew this talented, wonderful, unforgettable man.